The Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN) and the Brain Foundation have developed a series of councils aimed at the general population to inform about the measures we must take to protect the brain from rising temperatures typical of the summer season.
Although the SEN recommendations are for everyone, people suffering from degenerative diseases are more prone to dehydration, and these experts point out that the symptoms of many pathologies, such as neuromuscular diseases are also aggravated by heat. . To minimize the risks, therefore, advise taking the following precautions:
A dehydration that exceeds 2% of body weight reduces the ability to concentrate, short-term memory and physical performance, and increases fatigue and the possibility of suffering a headache
- Protect from heat and avoid sudden changes in temperature. High temperatures can cause insomnia and headache, in addition to fatigue and, as already mentioned, the symptoms of many diseases get worse with heat. It is also necessary to be careful with sudden changes in temperature; thus, to put the air conditioning very strong, to take drinks or very cold foods, or to bathe after having remained in the sun, can trigger headache.
- Stay hydrated. Dr. David A. Pérez, director of the Brain Foundation explains that a dehydration that exceeds 2% of body weight reduces the ability to concentrate, short-term memory and physical performance, increasing fatigue and the possibility of suffering headache, even when it comes to healthy adults. These symptoms are more intense in the case of older people, he warns, and extreme care must be taken in the case of patients with dementia or other types of degenerative diseases because they may have altered the sensation of thirst.
- Establish a regular schedule for sleeping and eating. An advice especially directed to the people that suffer migrañas or headaches and to the patients with epilepsy, since they can see aggravated their crises by the lack of sleep.
- Follow a healthy diet. According to these specialists, the best thing for the brain is the Mediterranean diet. In addition, they advise not to make excesses and increase the consumption of foods rich in water, such as fruit and salads, because they will help us stay hydrated.
- Use protective helmets when doing sports or dangerous activities. In summer, because of the heat, the population tends not to wear protective helmets, and this increases accidents. Experts remember that you have to protect your head all year, both in the workplace and when practicing certain risky sports.
- Exercise regularly, because among other advantages helps prevent high blood pressure, a condition very harmful to the brain. In summer, the ideal is swimming or walking, always avoiding the hottest hours, and using sunscreen, and appropriate clothing when doing outdoor activities.
Source: Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN)