Experts warn that, after smoking, the consumption of alcohol in excess is the harmful habit with the greatest negative impact on health. Only in our country, 20,000 people die each year due to diseases associated with alcoholism or an alcohol intake considered risky.
Alcohol abuse is also responsible for numerous traffic accidents and it increases health expenses, and 15% of patients who consult the primary care physician ingest an excessive amount of alcohol, which shows that this substance, which is also very accessible, implies serious damage to health and welfare of the population.
The 'risk consumers' are people who usually drink a large amount of alcohol without being alcoholics, and can still be reoriented by the general practitioner
'At-risk consumers' are people who regularly drink a large amount of alcohol without being alcoholics - although continued consumption can make them addicted - and can still be redirected by the attending physician to reduce consumption below the limit in which it starts to be considered dangerous. It is a cost-efficient intervention that decreases the chances of the patient becoming an alcoholic and developing pathologies related to their addiction.
In 2002, an initiative called 'Bebe menos' was launched in Catalonia, based precisely on the involvement of primary care professionals in identifying patients who present a risky consumption and helping them to change this habit so little. healthy. In the same line, but at European level, the ODHIN project has been developed, which aims to establish effective measures that allow, from primary care, early detection and prevention of alcohol abuse and its consequences. Also in Catalonia, it is expected that a new program will start working soon online that will help citizens calculate what their 'risk consumption' is.