Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing various pathologies, from type II diabetes to cardiovascular diseases. However, the corporal distribution of fat also matters, according to numerous studies in this regard, which indicate that an excess of Abdominal fat or, what is the same, a bulky abdomen, implies worse long-term health.
A new study, which has published 'Journal of the American College of Cardiology', points out that people with a large abdominal perimeter as a result of the accumulation of fat are more likely to get cancer or a heart disorder, than others with the same overweight or obesity, but with a different distribution of body fat and whose abdomen, therefore, is less prominent.
People with greater abdominal circumference are more at risk of cancer or a heart disorder, than others with the same weight, but whose abdomen is less prominent
The research analyzed the data of 3,086 people, with an average age of 50 years, who participated in the study 'Framingham Heart'. The authors of the work used an abdominal fat scanner and made measurements of the adipose tissue around the heart and the aorta of the volunteers, which they followed for seven years.
Throughout the follow-up period, 90 cardiovascular disorders were detected, 141 cases of cancer, and 71 deaths. The researchers associated abdominal fat, which is an indicator of fat surrounding organs or visceral fat, with an increase of 44% in the risk of cardiovascular disease, and with 43% in the case of cancer.
The main author of the study, Katryn A. Britton, doctor at the Brgham and Women's Hospital in Boston (United States), explained that taking into account that obesity has become an epidemic worldwide, it is very important to be able to identify people who present a high risk to establish preventive measures. In this regard, and as noted by Caroline S. Fox, another of the researchers, the presence of abdominal fat increases the ability to predict cardiovascular problems.