Epileptic seizures cause fear and rejection, and patients suffering from epilepsy are often discriminated against socially and occupationally, despite the fact that this disease does not imply any intellectual deficiency or a psychological disorder.

Epileptic seizures, the most important symptom of this chronic disease, are more frequent in children -because their brain is not yet mature- and in those over 65, and seizures can also be a sign of other diseases of the brain. Neurological or metabolic type, such as hypoglycemia.

There is a great ignorance of epilepsy, which together with the unpleasant experience of observing someone who is suffering from a generalized epileptic crisis, has created a 'black legend' about this disease, and has made patients unfairly stigmatized .

Epileptic seizures are more frequent in children -because their brain is not yet mature- and in those older than 65 years

With the right treatment, most patients are free of crises, and some, in fact, are very mild, and consist only in that the affected, without losing consciousness, remains still with the eyes lost during one or two minutes, or make some movements with a finger or mouth.

If a person suffers an epileptic seizure in our presence, specialists advise not to lose your temper, to remove from the patient any object with which you could hit yourself, and wait for the episode to end. When you are calm, it should be placed on your side to avoid obstruction of the airway, and as soon as you recover, go to the emergency room if it is the first time you have an attack. In case you have already diagnosed epilepsy and it is not the first crisis, the patient should go to his neurologist to inform him of what happened.

About 80% of patients respond well to medication, but for those in whom antiepileptic drugs are not effective there are other alternatives such as stimulating the vagus nerve through electrodes or surgery, in cases where it can isolate and eliminate the focus that generates the crisis. In any case, these are individualized treatments that must be evaluated by a team of specialists composed of neurologists, neurosurgeons and neurophysiologists.

Epilepsy: Symptoms and Stigma (November 2019).