The osteoporosis is a chronic bone disease associated with aging that significantly increases the chances of suffer fractures, a frequent problem among elderly people suffering from this disease, which in addition to entailing a decline in their quality of life and general health, has costs that alone in Europe are estimated at 650 million euros a year.
Now, a new study conducted in Ireland by researchers from several prestigious centers such as Trinity College and St Jame's Hospital in Dublin, and Ulster University, has revealed that a high consumption of yogurt is related to superior bone mineral density and an important Reduction of the risk of developing osteoporosis in the elderly (both men, and women).
Men who consumed more yoghurt had a 9.5% lower risk of suffering a fracture compared to those who ate less
The research involved 1,057 women and 763 men who were previously evaluated bone mineral density, and 2,624 women and 1,290 men who were measured physical functions. All of them filled out questionnaires to inform about their consumption of yogurt, and based on this, different categories were established: those who never took it, those who ate it between two and three times a week, and those who ate more than one a day.
The researchers took into account other factors that could influence a diagnosis of osteoporosis or, on the contrary, in better bone health of the participants, such as the physical activity they performed, their consumption of milk or cheese, or supplements of calcium or vitamin D, as well as if they smoked or ingested alcohol regularly, among other habits .
The consumption of yogurt improves bone density
The results showed that the Bone mineral density of the femoral neck and hip in women with the highest intake of yogurt it was between 3.1 and 3.9% higher than those with the lowest consumption of this food. In the case of men, those who consumed the most yoghurt had a 9.5% lower risk of suffering a fracture compared to those who ate less.
In addition, each serving of yogurt more than women took was associated with 31% less risk of osteopenia and 39% less risk of osteoporosis; whereas in men this increase in consumption was related to a 52% reduction in the risk of osteoporosis. The intake of vitamin D supplements It was also associated, in both sexes, with a significant decrease in the chances of suffering bone problems.
Although it is an observational study, and it is necessary to continue with the research, Dr. Eamon Laird, director of the work and member of the Center for Medical Gerontology Trinity, has affirmed that the Yogurt is a valuable source of beneficial nutrients for the bones, and that their findings suggest that regular intake of this food may be a good strategy to maintain bone health.