A survey that has been conducted in several European countries, in particular in Germany, Spain, France and Italy, has revealed that in our country six out of ten people suffer symptoms caused by allergy to dust mites domestic, considered the second cause of respiratory alergy in Europe. These symptoms can be very varied and of different intensity, but the most common, which affect the respiratory system, are repeated sneezing that is accompanied by nasal congestion and rhinitis, as well as eye discomfort (itching, irritation ...).
When these symptoms persist throughout the year, they may be indicating an allergic reaction to these parasites. However, this type of allergy has only been diagnosed to 15 percent of Spaniards who claim to have these symptoms, and in the opinion of the allergist Antonio Valero, president of the Catalan Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, it is possible that this due to the lack of training of professionals on allergic diseases, and the shortage of specialists in allergology in public health.
Only 15% of Spaniards who claim to have symptoms typical of mite allergies are diagnosed
Mites proliferate when the temperature is around 25º and is accompanied by a relative humidity of 70/80%, and in our country its presence is more frequent in localities located on the coasts of the Mediterranean and the Cantabrian, and also in the Canary Islands. Mattresses and pillows are among their favorite places to nest because they feed, among other things, on human skin scales.
In Spain, the majority of respondents (93 percent) consider it necessary to go to a specialist when allergy symptoms manifest themselves, because they think it is a disease, and those who are most aware in this regard are elderly people. 50 years and those who have allergic children. In addition, almost half of the Spaniards consulted (48 percent) believe that the best way to treat this condition is to induce tolerance to mites.
Among the more than 4,000 people interviewed, six out of ten think that allergy to mites is difficult to fight, although they say they do not know how this condition is treated. Dr. Valero explains that currently there are treatments that help to alleviate the symptoms and reduce the allergic reaction and that, in some cases, achieve total remission of the discomfort caused by this disorder, so it advises to go to the allergist if symptoms appear .