Diabetes has entered for the first time the list of the ten leading causes of death in the world developed by the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO has just updated this list, which includes other non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke or COPD.
In the new list in which diabetes is included as a novelty, tuberculosis, an infectious disease that is still present worldwide, has disappeared, among other reasons because it has developed multiresistant strains to the drugs with which it is habitually fought, and that still causes the death of a million people a year.
The WHO has based on data from the year 2011, year in which around 55 million people died in the world, and in which the leading cause of death continued to be cardiovascular diseases, responsible for 17 million deaths (three of every ten deaths occurred as a result of this type of pathology).
Other diseases listed at the top of the WHO list are infections of the lower respiratory tract, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), diarrheal pathologies, AIDS, and some types of cancer (trachea, bronchi, or lung). ).
Cardiovascular diseases, responsible for 17 million deaths worldwide in 2011, remain the leading cause of death
Traffic accidents - which cause the death of 1.3 million people a year worldwide - and premature births or low birth weight, are also found in the document prepared by this UN agency.
The causes of deaths, according to the WHO, differ greatly between countries. Thus, while in those with higher incomes 87% of deaths are due to non-communicable diseases, and seven out of ten deaths are more than 70 years old, in the case of poor countries infectious diseases, diarrheal diseases, malaria or Tuberculosis is responsible for one third of deaths, and almost four out of ten deaths are under 15 years old.