A study by the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston (USA) that has published 'Archives of Internal Medicine', shows that depression could be both a result and a risk factor for diabetes. The data obtained also reinforce the idea that diabetes is associated with stress.
The scientists analyzed the possible association between both pathologies in a sample formed by more than 65,000 women, aged between 50 and 75 years, from 1996 to 2006. At the beginning of the study, the volunteers answered a questionnaire in which they detailed their medical history and, later, they filled out other questionnaires every two years to record their evolution.
During the ten years of follow-up, 2,844 women were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, while 7,415 suffered from depression. Women with depression were approximately 17% more likely to develop diabetes, even taking into account other risk factors such as physical activity and body mass index. In addition, it was observed that those taking antidepressants had a 25% higher risk of suffering from diabetes than those who were not depressed.
The researchers note that patients with diabetes were 29% more likely to suffer from depression, and that in those who took insulin the risk increased up to 53%, compared to those without diabetes.
The findings also confirm the hypothesis that diabetes is related to stress. The scientists point out that the diagnosis of diabetes could cause depressive symptoms generated by the biochemical alterations caused by diabetes or its treatment, or due to stress and tension suffered by people who must live with diabetes and the consequences derived from this disease.
Source: Europa Press