A recent study conducted by a group of researchers at the University of Rochester, in the United States, has shown that people who are happily married live longer than those who are single after undergoing surgery. coronary bypass.
The information, which has been collected by Health Psychology in its digital version, it reveals that married people (both men and women) who undergo this type of surgery have three times the chance of living 15 years after the intervention, than those who are single.
Harry Reis, professor of psychology at the University of Rochester, and one of the authors of the study, explains that the effect of a successful marriage is essential after the bypass, and influences both survival and quitting smoking, or control other factors that increase the risk of suffering complications, such as high blood pressure or obesity.
Marriage, however, does not affect women and men equally. According to the study, in males, marriage is generally associated with higher survival rates and, at a higher level of satisfaction, greater survival. In the case of women, the quality of the relationship is more important. Thus, for them, unhappy marriages practically do not have any advantage when it comes to increasing their survival, while if they are satisfied with their relationship, their survival rate almost quadruples.
High survival rates after a bypass after 15 years
The study authors evaluated 225 patients who had undergone a bypass between 1987 and 1990, and asked them to describe how satisfied they were in their marriage one year after surgery. The research took into account adjust parameters such as sex, age, mood, culture, tobacco consumption, and other aspects that influence the survival rate of cardiovascular diseases.
Even less happy married men in their marriage had a survival rate of 60%, notably better than single men, which only reached 36%
83% of the women who declared themselves happily married were alive 15 years after the intervention, compared to 28% of the women whose marriage was not happy and 27% of the unmarried women. As for men satisfied with their married life, 83% had survived, but those less happy in their marriage had a good survival rate: 60%, notably better than single men, which only reached 36% .
Kathleen King, professor emeritus of the Faculty of Nursing at the University of Rochester, and lead author of the article, says the study reveals how important relationships are for both sexes, and that the support provided by the spouse, coupled with other habits Healthy lifestyles such as physical exercise and smoking cessation are vital for long-term survival when suffering from cardiovascular disease. In addition, according to the expert, marriage itself is a motivation for people to take better care of themselves and wish to survive.