Circumcision is a practice that Muslims and Jews have traditionally performed for religious reasons, and that has won numerous critics who consider it an unnecessary mutilation to babies who still do not have the capacity to make decisions.
Due to the diversity of opinions among specialists on the risks or benefits of the intervention, it is not usual for it to be used for therapeutic purposes. However, now, experts from the American Pediatric Association recommend circumcision in all newborns in the United States, because they believe that the advantages that can bring are greater than their possible risks or disadvantages. And is that several studies associate circumcision with a lower risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV, herpes, or urinary tract infections.
Several studies associate circumcision with a lower risk of contracting HIV, herpes or urinary tract infections
The World Health Organization (WHO) and other agencies such as the UN Program against AIDS, had previously advised this practice as an effective measure of prevention against the transmission of HIV. Specifically, in Africa, circumcision programs are already being carried out among men from different countries with the aim of curbing the transmission of the AIDS virus, and three different studies have revealed that circumcision reduces the risk of circumcision by up to 60%. infection in heterosexual men.
At the other extreme is a movement called 'intactivism', which advocates the child's right to physical integrity, and believes that circumcision, regardless of physical risks, can have adverse psychological consequences for the child who, in addition, it deprives him of the right to decide. The detractors of circumcision have come to compare it with the ablation of the clitoris, a mutilation to which girls are subjected in certain religions.
Independently of ideologies and the controversy that provokes the prohibition of a practice that constitutes a religious tradition for some, the American Association of Pediatrics (AAP), which previously remained neutral, has now positioned itself in favor of circumcision, and although believes that the health benefits are not enough to recommend circumcision indiscriminately to all babies, if it justifies access to this practice for those who choose it for their children, and considers that medical insurance, both public and private, they must pay for it.
The AAP is based on the findings of a group of experts who in 2007 conducted an investigation that included more than 1,000 studies on circumcision, and concluded that this practice benefited health by reducing the risk of infection and did not seem to affect Negatively neither the function of the penis nor its sensitivity during sexual intercourse.