Experts point out that 30% of Spanish young women and adolescents are smokers, which poses a "flattering" future if there is no cultural change.
According to recent research, it is estimated that by 2015 lung cancer affects more than 5,000 women in Spain. "This type of tumor is increasing among Spanish women because, mainly, the more they smoke (more cigarettes or more), the greater the risk of suffering it," said Dr. Pilar Garrido, head of the Medical Oncology Section of the Hospital Ramón y Cajal of Madrid, member of the Board of Directors of the SEOM and the GECP, within the framework of the 5th Conference 'Oncological Milestones: The Best of 2010', an initiative for Residents and Youth Attachés that has the auspices of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM) and with the collaboration of AstraZeneca.
"Lung cancer is the only tumor whose mortality continues to increase among Spanish women," said the specialist, who said that, since the mid-1990s, lung cancer mortality has increased by 2% compared to that of rest of tumors that have descended. "This is mainly due to the rising consumption of tobacco in this group, which reaches up to 30% in young women and adolescents, a percentage higher than the European average and to continue this way we have a very unflattering future," he added.
In the opinion of Dr. Garrido, "women are not at all aware of the effects of smoking and are very confused when they think that lung cancer is a disease of men." Therefore, he argued, "it is necessary a cultural change in our society and transmit to the entire population that tobacco only hurts."
On the other hand, regarding the new advances, this oncologist highlighted a consideration: "the treatment will not be the same for all patients. The objective is to know the predominant alteration in each patient and to treat it in a specific way, that is, to try to make the therapeutic approach as individualized as possible ".