Babies who are given antibiotics before their first birthday may be more likely to suffer from eczema, a skin condition that causes itching and dryness, according to the results of a study conducted in the United Kingdom. St. Thomas Hospital of the NHS Foundation Trust of London.
The research, published in the British Journal of Dermatology, has been based on the review of previous studies and has revealed that the risk of these children developing eczema is 40% higher compared to babies who did not take antibiotics. Experts point out that this greater predisposition to eczema may be due to the fact that antibiotics eliminate intestinal microbes that play an important role in the development of the immune system.
Babies who took antibiotics during their first year of life were 40% more likely to develop eczema
Eczema is a common condition among children, since between 10 and 20 percent of children suffer from it. In evaluating the results of 20 studies on the use of these drugs and their relationship with these skin lesions, Dr. Teresa Tsakok Guy, author of the research, has also found that the risk of eczema increases by 7% more with each new antibiotic shot.
The new study supports the 'hygiene hypothesis', which states that the environment in which most children grow is too clean and aseptic, and that this lack of exposure to microbes can make them more prone to immune reactions. excessive, as in the case of allergies or asthma.