High blood pressure, dyslipidemia and obesity are the three most prevalent cardiovascular risk factors among Spaniards aged between 35 and 74 years, according to the DARIOS Study, an important Spanish study involving 28,887 people from 10 autonomous communities. : Catalonia (Barcelona and Girona), Canary Islands, Balearic Islands, Murcia, Andalusia, Extremadura, Madrid, Castilla y León, Navarra and Castilla-La Mancha, coordinated by researchers from the IMIM (Research Institute Hospital del Mar), and funded through a Unconditional support from AstraZeneca. The data obtained in this investigation have revealed, in addition, that Extremadura, Canary Islands and Andalusia are the autonomous communities where these factors are more frequent.
"Hypertension is the most prevalent cardiovascular risk factor in Spain, since 47% of men and 39% of women suffer it; followed by dyslipidemia with total cholesterol above 250 mg / dl, as 43% of men and 40% of women suffer from it; and third, obesity, which affects 29% in both sexes ", says Dr. Jaume Marrugat, of the Epidemiology and Cardiovascular Genetics Group and the Research Program in Inflammatory and Cardiovascular Processes of the Municipal Institute of Medical Research of Barcelona , who has participated in the study.
In the same direction, smoking and diabetes mellitus are the other major cardiovascular risk factors more frequent among Spaniards. "33% of men and 21% of women smoke; Diabetes affects 16% of men and 11% of women, "says Dr. Marrugat.
This specialist points out that men with fewer cardiovascular risk factors are found in Castilla-La Mancha, Madrid and Catalonia (Girona), while, for their part, the "healthiest" women are found in Navarra, Castilla y León and Catalonia (Girona). "Citizens have to learn the most effective way to prevent cardiovascular diseases: they should eat healthy and in moderation so as not to gain weight, not smoke, and exercise regularly, from 30 to 60 minutes a day, adapted to their physical condition and tastes. of each one, "he says.
In addition, according to Dr. Marrugat, "glucose, cholesterol, blood pressure should be checked from time to time, and strictly follow the instructions of the responsible physician". In this sense, and in certain cases, it would also be advisable to "access new technologies that allow establishing the genetic risk of coronary heart disease, since they help doctors to identify the intensity of prevention and apply a more personalized medicine," he concludes.
Source: Hospital del Mar Research Institute