Argentine health authorities have warned the population to move to border towns to take precautions to prevent the dengue virus from spreading throughout the country. This time of year corresponds to the beginning of the holidays in Argentina and many choose as a tourist destination nearby countries that have recently suffered outbreaks of dengue. For this reason, health professionals have asked citizens to clean up their homes, and be alert to the appearance of symptom that may indicate that the disease has been contracted to prevent the virus from spreading.

The Argentine Minister of Health, Juan Manzur, has expressed concern about the possibility of the virus spreading from the affected areas, and has asked those who are going to move to these locations to protect themselves against the bites of the mosquito that transmits the virus. dengue, the Aedes aegypti, because it has been proven that the increase of travel during the holidays facilitates the circulation of the virus.

Dengue can lead to death, and its main symptoms are high fever, headache (especially behind the eyes), nausea and vomiting, muscle and joint pain, rashes and, sometimes, bleeding

There is no vaccine against dengue, a disease that can lead to death, and whose main symptoms are fever high, headache (especially behind the eyes), nausea and vomiting, muscle and joint pain, rashes and in some cases, hemorrhage. If you suspect that you have contracted dengue, you should go immediately to the doctor and avoid self-medication, because some drugs could aggravate the clinical picture.

In Argentina, the presence of dengue is limited to the months with higher temperatures and is associated with the appearance of epidemic outbreaks in the surrounding countries, which is why measures have been established to detect and control the mosquito responsible for the transmission of the disease. disease, and to make the early diagnosis of those affected to prevent them from developing the severe form of this pathology.

According to the data provided to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) by its Member States, in 2011 there were a total of 979,774 cases of dengue, and 692 people died from the disease. Argentina, in addition, already suffered a dengue epidemic in 2009, in which around 26,000 people fell ill and five died. In August 2011, the Argentine government established the National Plan for the Prevention and Control of Dengue and Yellow Fever.

Take precautions against dengue

  • The mosquito that transmits dengue is most active early in the morning and at dusk, so it is preferable to avoid staying outdoors at this time of day.
  • It is convenient that the clothing covers the largest possible body surface (sleeves and long pants), and that it be of light colors.
  • Use specific repellents on the skin and clothes, and periodically renew their application (according to the manufacturer's instructions).
  • Windows should be provided with mosquito nets, and it is also necessary to protect strollers and cribs of babies, always taking care that they are properly ventilated.
  • Go immediately to the doctor if there are suspicious symptoms (whether this happens during the trip or when returning), and do not take medications that have not been prescribed by a healthcare professional.

Jim Yong Kim on Global Futures (November 2019).