Alcohol is a toxic substance that harms the body, and an abuse of its consumption is associated with the appearance of more than 60 diseases. Alcohol addiction is, in fact, a serious social and health problem in Spain, since it is estimated that 60 percent of people over 16 consume alcohol regularly In our country, also 60 percent of adolescents between 14 and 18 years old admit to having been drunk at some time, and it is considered that more than 5% of Spaniards are risk drinkers, because they consume an excessive amount of alcohol.

Alcoholism has been, precisely, one of the topics that have been discussed during the National Congress that the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine (SEMI) has recently held in the Canary Islands, because this pathology can be studied and treated in the field of Internal Medicine . And is that excessive and chronic alcohol consumption affects a large number of organs and body systems, triggering various diseases, such as cirrhosis, hepatic steatosis, pancreatitis, neurological problems and cardiovascular disorders (arrhythmias, hypertension ...).

The Dr. Javier Laso, coordinator of the Alcohol and Alcoholism Working Group of the SEMI, warning that young people and adolescents who usually consume alcohol in the form of binge-eating, what is known by the English term binge drinking, are especially vulnerable to the effects of this toxic, and those most likely to develop alcohol dependence are those who begin drinking at an earlier age.

Chronic alcoholism and malnutrition

Another serious problem associated with the abuse of alcohol for years is undoubtedly malnutrition, which is estimated to affect a third of alcoholic patients admitted to a hospital. The greater the daily intake of alcohol and the longer it is consumed (for example, more than 200 g / day over 20 years), the worse the patient's nutritional status, which is also directly related to the deterioration of alcohol. the family, social and work relationships of the patient that normally causes alcoholism, and which results in inadequate life habits and a deficient and unbalanced diet.

Young people who usually consume alcohol in the form of binge eating, which is known as 'binge drinking', are the most susceptible to developing alcohol dependence

A European study, the Vintage Report, has investigated The impact of alcohol consumption in people over 65, because it is a population group that especially affects nutritional problems, and has found that alcohol negatively affects the nutrition of the elderly, causing them a deficit of B vitamins and other micronutrients.

A moderate and responsible consumption of alcohol, however, can be healthy. Thus, according to data from a study led by researchers from the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, ​​called PREDIMED (Prevention with Mediterranean Diet), the daily intake of 10 grams of alcohol (equivalent to a beer) in women and 20 grams (two rods) ) in men, as long as this consumption is accompanied by a Mediterranean diet, exerts a preventive action against cardiovascular diseases.

Source: Spanish Society of Internal Medicine (SEMI)

Binge Drinking (November 2019).