Each year, more than 70,000 people die in Latin America as a result of the air pollution. In fact, a report from Clean Air Institute notes that in Latin America and the Caribbean there are at least 100 million people who are exposed to air pollution levels above the limits recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Brazil is the country that, according to the report, leads the ranking of the most contaminated in the region with 24,000 deaths per year due to this cause. And, only in the city of Sao Paulo, 4,600 people die annually due to contaminated air, triple the number of deaths caused by traffic accidents.

Mexico (with around 15,000 deaths each year), and Argentina (10,000 dead), are the second and third countries in number of victims of pollution. With this panorama, and according to experts, if measures were established to reduce the levels of air pollution, it could prevent the premature death of a large number of people, and also save between two thousand and six billion dollars a year .

More than 70,000 people die every year in Latin America as a result of air pollution

In addition to early death, air pollution has numerous short-term consequences on people's health, since it increases the risk of developing pathologies of the respiratory system, such as pneumonia and lung cancer, or cardiovascular diseases. And it also has other unwanted effects such as increased levels of stress and anxiety.

In the case of emerging countries, WHO warns that the health burden caused by exposure of the population to pollution is disproportionate and difficult to assume. In this type of countries the number of vehicles has increased rapidly, which generally have outdated engines that use poor quality fuels, while lacking regulations to regulate polluting emissions. Therefore, and in parallel with economic growth, WHO considers that it is necessary to take measures to protect the health of the population.

Climate Risks in Latin America (November 2019).