The cannabis use During adolescence, due to the characteristics of the brain at this stage of life, the risk of an individual developing addictive behaviors in the long term increases, according to a study by researchers at the University of Montreal in Canada and the Ichan School of Medicine from Mount Sinai in New York (USA).
The authors of the research, which has been published in 'Neuropharmacology', examined more than 120 studies that analyzed various aspects of the association between cannabis and the brain of adolescents, such as the influence of genetics and environmental factors, and the reaction chemistry that is triggered by consuming the drug. They also took into account biology, and the reasons why young people began to consume.
Epidemiological studies find an association between cannabis use during adolescence and drug addiction and the increase of mental disorders in adulthood
The results of the epidemiological studies evaluated confirmed that there was an association between cannabis use during adolescence and addiction to harder drugs and the increase in mental disorders -such as schizophrenia- in adulthood.
With the models in mice, scientists have been able to observe the chemical reactions of the human brain and have discovered that cannabis interacts with the brain through the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, located in the areas of this organ responsible for learning, making decisions and the management of rewards, among other functions.
Scientists believe that because the structure of the brain evolves rapidly during adolescence, the fact of consuming cannabis at this stage can determine how these aspects of the individual's personality develop, and make them prone to substance dependence. in the future.