Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive neurological condition, whose incidence is expected to double in the next 15 years as a result of the increase in the life expectancy of the population, since it mainly affects people over 60 years of age. .
Among its most important symptoms are alterations in movement, because Parkinson's is due to an injury in an area of the central nervous system that controls body and limb posture, as well as the production of spontaneous movements. There are, however, other problems associated with this disorder, and it is common, for example, that patients with Parkinson's must face various oral abnormalities caused by their disease.
One of the problems they face on a daily basis is the excess saliva in the mouth. Between 70 and 80% of people with Parkinson's usually present this problem that harms their quality of life and, in particular, their oral health, and that "It's not because they secrete more saliva, on the contrary, they secrete less saliva than normal. The problem is that this disease reduces the frequency of swallowing, they swallow less, so that more saliva accumulates inside the mouth ", says the Medical Director of Vitaldent, Gustavo Camañanas. As the amount of saliva present in the mouth is greater than usual, there is a constant drooling sensation, which can cause them, from problems when talking, chewing or swallowing, to erosive lesions on the lips or skin of the mouth. face.
Another condition associated with this disease is bruxism, which consists of unconsciously grinding the teeth. When the upper and lower teeth collide, the wear of the pieces or some dental trauma occurs. At the same time, muscle rigidity can lead to complications in the jaw and its joints, causing an overload that makes the masticatory process even more difficult, as well as causing the patient muscle pains Y headache.