Hot flushes, insomnia and joint pain are some of the characteristic symptoms that women suffer during menopause. Javier Ferrer, president of the Spanish Association for the Study of Menopause (AEEM), explains that according to a study conducted with 10,514 women in primary care, 58% suffer from hot flashes, almost half suffer from sleep disturbances (insomnia), and close of 50% joint pain (arthralgias). In addition, 38% have depressive mood and 46.3% show irritability in their character.

Experts from the AEEM, on the occasion of the celebration of the International Menopause Day (October 18), encourage, under the motto "Recycle your menopause", that women go to the specialist. Dr. Ferrer notes that, according to the data available, it is necessary to apply a change in habits, since almost half of women do not exercise during menopause, and around 40% suffer from obesity and hypertension.

The president of the Council of Affiliated Menopause Societies (CAMS), Santiago Palacios, points out that there is currently a 10.55% of women with menopause in the world. This specialist explains that treatments should be individualized, in addition to transmitting new messages about this biological process, because women do not have to suffer from existing alternatives. "We must inform, remove and overcome fears towards the treatments".

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

The symptoms of menopause can vary from one woman to another from mild, to moderate or severe. The most frequent are: hot flushes, joint pains, vaginal dryness and painful sexual intercourse, loss of urine, changes in mood, sleep disturbances, and so on.

The symptoms of menopause can vary from one woman to another from mild, to moderate or severe

In Spain, hormone replacement therapy is followed by a very small percentage of women, which barely reaches 4%. A woman is a candidate to receive HRT when the symptoms she suffers are more serious, such as loss of libido, acute insomnia, psychological problems, or hormonal deficiencies.

First of all, it must be established what stage the woman is in and what symptoms she suffers from. A specialist doctor will be in charge of assessing the risks and benefits of HRT for each patient and, in case it is not appropriate, establish another treatment that helps to alleviate the symptoms.

Your Life, Your Health: Menopause (November 2019).