In Spain, laparoscopic surgery, which is minimally invasive and significantly reduces the complications associated with surgical interventions, such as postoperative pain and other adverse effects, is already the most used, reaching 80% of cases.

Thanks to this new technique, patients recover before they undergo traditional surgery, according to Dr. Alberto Muñoz-Calero, president of the Spanish Association of Surgeons (AEC).

Thus, during the celebration of the XVIII National Congress of Surgery, members of the ACS have pointed out that 10-20% of the abdominal surgery that is currently performed in Spain is practiced through the navel. The most frequent are removal of the appendix or gallbladder, and interventions to treat morbid obesity or colon cancer.

Salvador Morales, secretary of the Section of Endoscopic Surgery of the AEC, explains that it consists of a single incision in the navel (measuring between 1.2 and 3.5 cm) instead of the three, four or five incisions that were necessary in traditional laparoscopy, and through which the patient's abdominal cavity is accessed.

Transluminal endo-laparoscopic surgery is a novel technique with its own characteristics since it uses the natural orifices of the human body, such as the anus, mouth or vagina, to access the area to be treated. However, this new surgical technique, says Morales, is beginning to be used, so it is too early to evaluate its results.

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Photo: EP / CANARY ISLANDS

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