Of every ten Spaniards who visit countries in which it is considered that there are health risks, eight are not protected correctly with the recommended vaccines in each case, as stated by the general director of Public Health and External Health, Carmen Amela, in the inauguration of the campaign 'Health also travels 2011'.

In our country there are currently 84 international vaccination centers that aim to provide individualized information and vaccination advice to all those who intend to travel abroad and, in 2010, received 191,087 citizens.

Amela warns, however, that travelers served represent only 20% of all those who travel to countries at risk, not counting those who use the Internet to gather information, a formula that is increasingly used.

The expert explains that what should be done is to go to one of these centers at least a month and a half before the trip, or to inform yourself through the telephone number 901 400 100, to find out the state of health in the country you want to visit. , and also know the preventive measures that need to be adopted. It is important to bear in mind that some vaccines or treatments are not effective until a few days or even weeks later, hence the need to visit the centers well in advance.

In 2010, these centers administered 312,443 vaccines in total; of which the most frequent were those that prevent yellow fever (72,107), followed by typhoid fever (57,967), hepatitis A (54,285) and tetanus-diphtheria (29,599).

To prevent malaria, a highly prevalent tropical disease for which no vaccine is available at present, 100,417 antimalarial drugs were prescribed.

If you travel, it is always better to prevent

The experts of these centers also advise travelers on the best preventive measures to avoid the problems associated with food and beverages, those related to personal hygiene or the risks of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases, or the attention they should pay to the environment (insects, sun, altitude ...), taking into account, in addition, the personal characteristics of the traveler, such as his age and sex, if he suffers from any disease, the vaccines he has received; and other factors inherent to the trip, such as its duration, the places that will be visited, the means of transport to be used, and the time of the year in which the trip will take place.

In general, as Amela explains, it is easy to follow recommendations such as washing your hands frequently, and always before eating or after going to the bathroom, not eating raw fruits or vegetables that have not been peeled by ourselves, or food raw, do not drink drinks with ice, and use bottled water even to brush your teeth. The expert warns that it is better to take these precautions on any trip, because although some countries may seem safe, risks are always taken.

Another recommendation of the general director of Public Health is that if you return from the trip you suffer some disorder or symptom of illness, it is necessary to warn doctors that you have recently traveled abroad, because this information will help them to diagnose and treat the pathology


Los peligros de los LÁCTEOS en tu salud, por Adolfo Pérez Agustí (November 2019).