Celiac disease is a chronic disease, characterized by intolerance to gluten, which is not only increasing its frequency, but is currently underdiagnosed. This has been confirmed by experts at the Hospital de La Fe in Valencia, who have stated, during a conference held at their center, that approximately only 25 percent of celiac children are correctly diagnosed.
The cause of an average of three out of every four celiac children without diagnosis is due to the fact that the symptoms of this disease are very varied and do not manifest in the same way in all patients. Thus, while in some children the symptoms may be very evident in others they raise doubts about their origin.
In this sense, it is trying to address new methods of early detection to solve the problem. As is the case of the diagnostic criteria for celiac disease recently fixed by the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPHGAN), which make it possible to reduce the time to confirm a celiac dictum of the six years that were previously necessary for it, only a few months.
Genetic studies allow the identification of the presence of celiac disease more quickly in those patients at higher risk of suffering from celiac disease.
As for the methods uqe allow a more premature detection we find the advances in genetic studies, that allow to sharpen faster and faster the risk that a child has of developing celiac disease; something that, as the experts point out, is especially important in the groups at greatest risk, such as the relatives of celiac patients, diabetics, people with Down syndrome or autoimmune diseases.
Another shortcut to this early diagnosis is the new serological methods, capable of detecting if there are antibodies in blood that raise suspicions in those patients who do not even have symptoms.
Within this series of measures, the Hospital de La Fe is immersed in two investigations, one that aims to clarify the extent to which breastfeeding influences the appearance of gluten intolerance; and another at European level in which it is studied if the administration to babies of four to six months of small amounts of gluten can prevent them from developing celiac disease.
Source: EUROPE PRESS