The Daphne team (composed of several specialists in Gynecology) has just carried out the first study in Spain on premenstrual syndrome (PMS), a disorder of the menstrual cycle that affects more than 73% of women and is characterized by a series of physical, psychological and behavioral symptoms.
The truth is that, in spite of being aware of this problem for more than 2,500 years, even today there is no globally accepted definition of the disorder, and the globality of associated symptoms is not clearly defined. In fact, they have been described More than 80 different symptoms, of which the physicists take the palm. Of the 2,108 women of childbearing age consulted for the study, 81.6% indicated problems such as headaches, sinus, muscle, weight gain and fluid retention.
There are about 80 different symptoms associated with PMS, half of them physical and the other half psychological.
However, there are also 40 psychological symptoms framed within PMS: 58% of respondents said they felt irritated, half showed less energy or felt like crying, and anxiety took over 40%.
Of course, for eight out of ten these symptoms are mild or moderate, while 10% of women claim to present them in a severe manner. The latter would enter into the so-called moderate or severe SPM, and of them 1.5% would do so in the so-called premenstrual dysphoric syndrome (PMDS), which is framed as a psychological disease and is the one that most affects the quality of life of those who suffer
Impact on your daily life
Whatever its severity, the symptoms last approximately three days a month, and the participants in the survey confess that it affects their relationships with family, work and social life.
However, despite the impact that PMS has on women's daily lives, most of them assume it is normal. Even three out of four women who suffer the most severe forms of this disorder do not come to consultation because they understand that it is a normal, intimate process, or for which there is no solution. Something that is not entirely true, in fact, doctors usually resort to Hormonal contraceptives and analgesics to relieve the symptoms. And some (less than 5%) refer them to natural remedies to calm the pains.
Source: The European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology