The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 10% of the world population suffers from a psychiatric illness, and in Spain it is expected that more than 15% of the population will suffer some type of mental disorder throughout their lives.
Currently in Spain there is an increase in serious mental disorders, but the common ones, such as anxiety and depression that, according to the World Health Organization, will be in 2020 the main cause of lack of assistance to work in the nations developed, and the second most frequent disease in the world.
Mental disorders are an important cause of loss of well-being and quality of life, dependence, social isolation, development of other associated pathologies, and increased mortality due to suicide. More than 90% of suicides are related to psychiatric disorders, and data from the National Institute of Statistics (INE) reveal that in 2008 suicide was the first cause of unnatural death in Spain, with a total of 3,421 people dead.
In order to reduce the number of deaths due to suicide, the Spanish Society of Psychiatry (SEP), the Spanish Society of Biological Psychiatry (SEPB) and the Spanish Foundation for Psychiatry and Mental Health (FEPSM) have launched a project that includes recommendations for prevent and manage suicidal behavior.
The president of the Spanish Foundation for Psychiatry and Mental Health (FEPSM), José Giner, states that patients suffering from some type of mental disorder are more likely to get infections, and develop endocrine, cardiac and respiratory diseases, which is associated with a higher risk of dying prematurely. It is imperative, therefore, that psychiatry work in conjunction with other medical specialties, such as primary care, to ensure that patients with mental disorders also receive good physical health care.