Experts warn that the prevalence of gestational diabetes is increasing markedly, and that this is mainly due to the fact that women become increasingly older pregnant since, in Spain, around 60 percent of the population is overweight or obese, which also affects pregnant women. Being over 30 years old and being obese are the two main risk factors for developing diabetes during pregnancy, a complication that ten percent of pregnant women already suffer.

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed by a test that measures blood sugar levels - the O'Sullivan test - which is done to all women between weeks 24 and 28 of pregnancy, and is due to the fact that hormonal alterations that occur during pregnancy make the mother's organism present some resistance to the insulin and, when this is not compensated, diabetes appears, even if the woman was previously healthy.

Experts warn that the negative consequences of poorly controlled diabetes during pregnancy can affect both the mother and the fetus

The negative consequences of poorly controlled diabetes during pregnancy can affect both the mother and the fetus. The pregnant woman is more prone to various complications, such as urinary tract infections or hypertension, and it is common for the baby to grow more than normal, which is known as fetal macrosomia. This hinders the work of Birth that, in addition, you can overtake, and a premature baby has many more risks of suffering certain diseases or develop deficiencies during development.

Experts warn that it is essential to detect gestational diabetes as soon as possible and follow the patient properly because women who suffer from it are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later, and their children will also be more likely to be obese or diabetic.

Source: Spanish Society of Internal Medicine (SEMI)

GESTATIONAL DIABETES | How To Check Your Blood Sugar Levels (November 2019).